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Tarmac driveways, commonly known as tarmacadam or simply “tarmac,” are a popular choice for residential and commercial properties due to their durability, cost-effectiveness, and smooth finish. Here are some key points about tarmac driveways:


  1. Durability: Tarmac is highly durable and can withstand heavy loads, making it ideal for driveways that experience frequent vehicular traffic.
  2. Cost-Effective: Compared to other paving materials like concrete or block paving, tarmac is relatively inexpensive to install and maintain.
  3. Quick Installation: Tarmac driveways can be laid quickly, reducing the disruption to the property.
  4. Smooth Surface: The smooth finish of tarmac provides a sleek appearance and is also practical for driving and walking.
  5. Weather Resistance: Tarmac can handle various weather conditions, from heavy rain to frost, without deteriorating quickly.
  6. Low Maintenance: Once installed, tarmac requires minimal maintenance. Regular cleaning and occasional resealing can keep it in good condition for many years.

Installation Process

  1. Preparation: The ground is excavated and leveled to create a stable base. Proper drainage is also planned to prevent water accumulation.
  2. Base Layer: A layer of crushed stone or gravel is laid and compacted to provide a solid foundation for the tarmac.
  3. Binder Layer: A binder layer of bitumen and aggregate is applied, which helps to bind the base and the surface layer together.
  4. Surface Layer: The final surface layer of tarmac is applied, providing the smooth, finished appearance.
  5. Compaction: The surface is compacted using a roller to ensure a flat and even finish.

Maintenance Tips

  1. Regular Cleaning: Keep the driveway clean by removing debris and stains to prevent surface damage.
  2. Seal Coating: Apply a seal coat every few years to protect the surface from wear and weather damage.
  3. Repair Cracks: Address any cracks or potholes promptly to prevent them from spreading and causing more significant damage.
  4. Avoid Heavy Loads: While tarmac is durable, consistently heavy loads can cause indentations or ruts over time.


  1. Heat Sensitivity: Tarmac can soften in extremely high temperatures, which may lead to surface deformations.
  2. Color Fading: Over time, the color of tarmac can fade due to UV exposure.
  3. Environmental Concerns: The production of tarmac involves the use of bitumen, a petroleum product, which raises environmental concerns.


The cost of installing a tarmac driveway can vary based on several factors, including the size of the driveway, the thickness of the tarmac, and the region. On average, the cost can range from $3 to $7 per square foot. Additional costs may be incurred for site preparation, drainage installation, and any required permits.

In summary, tarmac driveways offer a practical and economical solution for both residential and commercial properties. With proper installation and maintenance, they can provide a long-lasting and visually appealing surface for many years.